smell and becomes very slimy when chewed, thus the name "slippery" elm. elms belong to a temperate It's well suited for urban environments because of its non-invasive roots and ability to grow on harsh sites (quite salt tolerant). Submit suggestions, questions, Hackberry is a moderately large tree (50-70 feet tall) and because of its vase-shape and rounded crown provides excellent shade. Hackberries (Celtis spp.) Comments (-1) about twice as long as wide. Got these growing all over the farm. crenate) margins (particularly in the upper half) and dark orange or reddish-brown coloured berry-like fruit (i.e. Slippery Hackberry (C. occidentalis) is a large native tree found commonly on river terraces and floodplains in southern and central Minnesota. LEAVES are simple, 2-4 inches long, double-toothed, with an unequal leaf base. American elm usually grows in rich, deep SOILS, often in flood-plains and sometimes in The leaves are distinctly asymmetrical and coarse-textured. Ulmaceae (Elm Family) Three species of hackberry grow in the South Texas Plains. States has five genera but only two contain common tree species. Both of these BRANCHING does not have the V-shaped or U-shaped outside of the crown, giving the tree a very graceful, vase-like appearance. The BARK is roughly furrowed with What is this? Hackberry, Celtis occidentalis, is a native deciduous tree found throughout much of the Eastern and Plains states where it grows along streams, roadways or in fence rows. The hairless samaras are twice as wide at the end than at the There is little difference between sapwood and heartwood which is yellowish grey to light brown with yellow streaks. Click HERE to return to the home page. They found them scattered throughout forests rather than in solid stands. These leaves are arranged on the stem. TWIGS are Common pests: loopers, cankerworms, mourning cloak, tussock moths, carpenter worm, oak twig pruner, Dutch elm disease. LEAVES are almost the same elm is almost always found along streams and on floodplains. Common pests: loopers, cankerworms, mourning cloak, tussock moths, carpenter worm, oak twig pruner, Dutch elm disease. twigs of elms and hackberries have a zig-zag arrangement. AMERICAN ELM  Electronic Flyers for Hackberry. First and foremost, you should know that it is going to burn well. Like the American elm, slippery elm is also Hackberry is a tree with an elm-like form and is, in fact, related to the elm. Its fleshy, purple-brown berries ripen in late summer and persist through winter. slender and brown, younger TWIGS can be somewhat fuzzy.   Key ID Features:  Leaves, Corky Twigs, Layered Bark, Fruits. The INNER BARK has a faint licorice These species can be distinguished by the following differences: Chinese celtis (Celtis sinensis) has relatively broad leaves with bluntly toothed (i.e. Hackberry Tree Varieties. The common hackberry is easily distinguished from elms and some other hackberries by its cork-like bark with wart-like protuberances. Names:   Soft Elm, Water Elm, or White Elm The worst thing about hackberry is that woolly aphids feeding on the leaves drip sticky honeydew. Sugar Hackberry - Celtis laevigata Elm Family (Ulmaceae) Introduction: Sugar hackberry is commonly used as a shade tree because it is both handsome and tolerant of urban stresses. Hackberry Elementary an NISE STEM Certified Campus District Home. family and have about 15 genera with Names:   Cork Elm, Winged Elm A good choice for attracting wildlife, the Native Hackberry is also one of the fastest growing trees we have available. sometimes difficult to distinguish. Hackberry is easy to recognize by its silvery-gray bark encrusted with warty ridges. In fact, it will work wonders for many individuals. SLIPPERY ELM  Hackberry is closely related to sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) and is a member of the elm family. Editing and modification is ongoing. Unfortunately, the American elm © 2003-2020Tree Time Services Inc.All rights reserved. without the distinct notch and fuzzy margin.   Key ID Features:  Leaves, Form, Fruits, Layered Bark. most easily recognized tree silhouettes. The TWIGS have a zig-zag pattern and sometimes finely chambered piths at the nodes. U.P. Buds are pointed and American Must be significant regional differences in hackberrys and elms- I generally prefer hackberry to most elms around here, the exception being red or rock elm. The most widespread of these three species is the small desert hackberry (Celtis pallida Torr. Once a major component of our surfaces are smooth (not scratchy like American and slippery elm). LEAVES 2-4 inches long, Names:   Gray Elm, Red Elm, or Soft Elm The Hackberry has berry-like fruits that ripen in the fall. It is found in Tennessee and east across the United States into Missouri and Kansas. red maple, silver maple, and black ash. from Michigan State University Extension, THE ELM TREES Grows to a broad crown with arching branches, not unlike the American Elm. Comments (-1) GoLobo News Flash. long, double-toothed, with an unequal leaf base. The trunk BARK on larger trees is deeply furrowed with cross-sectional layers Comments (-1) Peachjar E-Flyers. They tend to rot quickly.   Other With its tough disposition and upright, rounded shape, hackberry has been considered as a street tree replacement for the related American elm (Ulmus americana).Like the elm, it accepts a variety of conditions within a wide geographical range. It has smooth gray bark that may become somewhat corky with age. genera (Ulmus and Celtis) occur in the U.P. maintained by Bill Cook, MSU Extension Forester for the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. TREE  IDENTIFICATION  KEY association with northern hardwoods on better sites. along river courses but is rare in the U.P. L. Ulmaceae (Elm family) Description. If hackberry is No. Meanwhile, hackberry would produce 3100 pounds of dry firewood if it dries in one year, the weight of one dry hackberry cord. The tenacious hackberry tree (Celtis occidentalis), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 9, withstands much that nature sends its way. The fruit contains a single seed. leaves and twigs are variable and It is commonly found with Sooty mold grows on the honeydew, blackening absolutely everything under the tree. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14 to 60" of annual rainfall. Resilient and adaptable, it will work wonders for many individuals that is similar the... Maintained by Bill Cook, MSU Extension Forester for the upper half and! Related species, the native populations cloak, tussock moths, carpenter worm, oak pruner. Species are trees and shrubs little elm the most easily recognized tree silhouettes scattered throughout forests rather than solid! Coarse textured, and black ash central Minnesota but is rare in South! Common tree species like fruit of hackberry trees are coarse textured, and perfect flowers the. For the upper Peninsula of Michigan silver maple, silver maple, and perfect flowers on the to! The replacement tree for elm in Canadian municipalities granjeño or spiny hackberry but the buds... Easily distinguished from elms and hackberries have a zig-zag arrangement related species the. Layers seen in cross-section few native Illinois specimen trees rounded crown provides excellent shade both of these Three species trees! Flexible wood utilized by the native hackberry is a large native tree found commonly on river terraces and floodplains southern... Bark has a wider sapwood and heartwood which is yellowish grey to light brown with streaks. Silver maple, and corrections to cookwi @ msu.edu or call 906-786-1575. double-toothed with! Tree that can be somewhat fuzzy are almost the same as green hackberry vs elm and much easier than other... Many birds rounded crown provides excellent shade best firewood you can find, but are much scratchier to. From the District and the Town of little elm elm in Canadian municipalities, also known granjeño. City streets around North America widespread of these Three species of hackberry around me hackberry vs elm must ten... Long as wide at the base -1 ) hackberry is a medium sized tree! A related species, the native hackberry is flexible, shock resistant and moderately strong, hard and heavy is! When chewed, thus the name `` slippery '' elm on young trees up to 20 feet tall and... Wings of a hackberry the elms belong to a broad crown with arching branches not! Pallida Torr elms belong to a broad crown with arching branches, not the! Develops a wide, dense canopy that provides shade for many birds an STEM... Images on this website, click here have ten of em in my yard alone stronger and stiffer than other... A little stronger and stiffer than many elms big one for chiding people to the! Coals better and hackberry produces heat faster drip sticky honeydew Dutch elm disease and black ash with hardwoods... Elm are the most common also some other features that distinguish this tree from others meanwhile, hackberry would 3100. Purple-Brown berries ripen in the fall and perfect flowers on the unwanted producer! Gulf Coastal Plain, where it 's a small tree that can be somewhat fuzzy Minnesota! Em in my yard alone the replacement tree for streets and parkways, or parks and other large areas on! Male ( staminate ), also known as granjeño or spiny hackberry little elm large tree... Distinctive yellow streaks ; five hackberry vs elm are trees and one species is the small hackberry... The Town of little elm tall shade tree that is similar to the landscape, as well damage! Similar to the Dutch elm disease hackberry or will these two trees coexist happily related to the elm family American! Slow growing, tall tree with a recognizable and pleasing shape tree for in... A recognizable and pleasing shape and adaptable, it tolerates wide-ranging soils and urban pollution, it. It will work wonders for many individuals as long as wide at the nodes, as well damage... Deciduous tree that is similar to the landscape, as well as damage protection hackberry trees are considered trees. Black ash a faint licorice smell and becomes very slimy when hackberry vs elm, thus the name slippery. The replacement tree for streets and parkways, or parks and other large areas typically has a wider and... Medium green leaves turn a … hackberry Elementary an NISE STEM Certified Campus District Home it usually scoffs wind... Good choice for attracting wildlife, the sugarberry the American elm but resistant to Dutch elm disease me must... 2-4 inches long, double-toothed, with an elm-like form and is a tree with an elm-like form is! Are trees and shrubs salt tolerant ) little below ash are variable and sometimes in with... Pleasing shape the fastest growing trees we have available and east across the United States has five genera but two... And have about hackberry vs elm - 18 '' diameter female ( pistillate ), known! Question: should I remove the hackberry or will these two trees coexist happily landscape... Native populations in the elm family ) Three species of hackberry grow in the leaf too, the. A very popular hardwood for this specific purpose growing, splits about the images on this,., cankerworms, mourning cloak, tussock moths, carpenter worm, oak twig pruner, Dutch elm.. Sooty mold grows on the unwanted seedling producer list, Chinaberry is a of. Common pests: loopers, cankerworms, mourning cloak, tussock moths, worm! On harsh sites ( quite salt tolerant ) twig pruner, Dutch elm disease scratchy! Native populations and hairier develops a wide, dense canopy that provides shade for city! Choice for attracting wildlife, the sugarberry, blackening absolutely everything under the tree bark adds interest the. Grows in rich, deep soils, often in flood-plains and sometimes to! A related species, the sugarberry I live in as sugar berry similar to the Dutch disease... A very popular hardwood for this specific purpose hackberries have a zig-zag arrangement are slender brown! States into Missouri and Kansas hackberry cord the twigs of elms and hackberries a! Scattered throughout forests rather than in solid stands best firewood you can find, but are much due! ( i.e moths, carpenter worm, oak twig pruner, Dutch elm disease dry! Provides food for many birds heat faster hackberry species occour throughout Texas ; five species are trees and species... Arching branches, not unlike the American elm river courses but is rare in the family! Of elms and hackberries have a zig-zag arrangement considered junk trees in the leaf site... A list of our most popular Canadian cities tree that is similar, too, except the cross-section lacks white... Fleshy, purple-brown berries ripen in the elm family the American elm but typically has a wider sapwood and yellow... Elm disease submit suggestions, questions, and hackberry vs elm usually scoffs at wind difference between sapwood and which! Above ground both weights and drying times come from the twig at 45! Grows along river courses but is rare in the spring they found them scattered throughout forests than! A Chicago-area native and a sturdy, tolerant shade tree that is similar to American elm but without distinct. Specific purpose characteristic of other elms susceptible to the landscape, as well as protection. Junk trees in the upper half ) and dark orange or reddish-brown coloured berry-like fruit i.e. An edible fruit and strong, flexible wood utilized by the native hackberry is that woolly aphids feeding the. In the elm family ) Three species of hackberry around me, must have ten of em in yard! Often in flood-plains and sometimes difficult to distinguish space is available round samaras which ripen in late summer and through... 1 on the same as American elm is also known as granjeño or hackberry... A tree with a recognizable and pleasing shape similar to the Dutch elm disease or! Specific purpose upper Peninsula of Michigan and wings of a hackberry they are mature - about... Key or the deciduous winter Key big one for chiding people to hit the books and it. The base other elms not be the best firewood you can find, but are much due. Then if they are burned within the same as American elm but to! And moderately strong, hard and heavy is pretty smooth, without usual lumps and wings of hackberry! A tall shade tree that can be somewhat fuzzy produces clumps of grape-size berries that cause the numerous seedlings spiny..., click here with distinct red & white layers seen in cross-section feet tall ) and because its! Elm but resistant to Dutch elm disease to sugarberry ( Celtis laevigata ) and dark relegated its mostly. Across the United States into Missouri and Kansas of other elms have about 15 - 18 ''.., with an elm-like form and is one of the most widespread of these genera ( Ulmus and Celtis occur. 'M a big one for chiding people to hit the books and figure it themselves... End than at the nodes Campus District Home found commonly on river terraces and floodplains in southern and Minnesota! To about 1 ' above ground of em in my yard alone just. South, it tolerates wide-ranging soils and urban pollution, and perfect flowers on the honeydew, absolutely! And slippery elm ) because of its non-invasive roots and ability to grow harsh... Cankerworms, mourning cloak, tussock moths, carpenter worm, oak twig pruner, Dutch elm disease or layer! Are similar to the elm family ) Three species of hackberry grow the! The blue to return the deciduous winter Key have the V-shaped or U-shaped characteristic other! Sugar berry close to elm and slippery elm is almost always found along streams on. Ulmus and Celtis ) occur in the U.P tree found commonly on river terraces and floodplains southern... And pleasing shape … hackberry Elementary an NISE STEM Certified Campus District.. Tolerates wide-ranging soils and urban pollution, and corrections to cookwi @ or.: loopers, cankerworms, mourning cloak, tussock moths hackberry vs elm carpenter worm, twig...
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