Download this stock image: Mariana of Austria (1634-1696) second wife of Philip IV of Spain. She was the daughter of King Felipe IV of Spain and the older full-sister of King Carlos II of Spain, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs.She is the central figure in the famous Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez.She was the subject of many of his later paintings. Biography. ‘A Spanish Gentleman (Jos Nieto, Chamberlain To Queen Mariana of Austria, Wife of Philip IV)’ was created in 1635 by Diego Velazquez in Baroque style. Mariana of Austria (Maria Anna; 24 December 1634 – 16 May 1696) was Queen consort of Spain as the second wife of King Philip IV, who was also her maternal uncle. Balthasar was betrothed to his cousin, Mariana of Austria. Portraits made by Diego Velázquez are evidence that the pearl was prized by both Elisabeth of France and Mariana of Austria, wives of Philip IV. There was a growing opinion that Felipe should name his eldest daughter his heir – Spain had no Salic law, which meant a woman could inherit as well as a man – but Felipe was not about to give up hope of a son. Intended as the wife of her cousin, Prince Baltasar Carlos, who died in 1646, she then married his uncle Philip IV of Spain. Two years later, in 1646, her older brother Balthasar Charles, who was Philip IV’s heir, died as well. Mariana of Austria was born on 24 December 1634 as the daughter of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Anna of Spain. At the death of her husband in 1665, Queen Mariana became regent for her son Charles II, the last Spanish Habsburg, and she remained an influential figure during his reign. Aug 5, 2015 - Mariana of Austria (Maria Anna; 24 December 1634 – 16 May 1696) was Queen consort of Spain as the second wife of King Philip IV, who was also her maternal uncle. Philip IV of Spain was now left without a male heir, and he was conveniently widowed too. Portrait by Diego Velasquez (1599-1660) Spanish painter. At the death of her husband in 1665, Queen Mariana became regent for her son Charles II, the last Spanish Habsburg, and she remained an influential figure during his reign. Mariana of Austria, daughter of the Emperor Ferdinand III and Mary of Hungary, was born in Vienna in 1634. Mariana of Austria, Queen of Spain. Felipe IV already had a daughter, Maria Teresa, who at the time was 13 or so, a mere four years Mariana’s junior. Find more prominent pieces of portrait at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. Wikipedia: Mariana of Austria; Mariana of Austria was the second wife of Philip IV of Spain, and the mother of Charles II. Mariana died of breast cancer on May 16, 1696, at the Uceda Palace in Madrid. Her marriage to King Philip IV was the continuation of a policy of incremental alliance between the two branches of … Consort Queen of Spain. Charles's death was anticipated almost from his birth in 1661; the unfortunate victim of Habsburg inbreeding, he was "short, lame, epileptic, senile and completely bald before 35, always on the verge of death but repeatedly baffling Christendom by continuing to live.". Margaret of Austria, wife of Philip III, wore the pearl for the celebration of the peace treaty between Spain and England in 1605. Following Philip’s death, she acted as Regent of Spain for her son. Fashion - D98MTB from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. She was appointed regent for their three-year-old son Charles II and due to his ill health remained an influential figure until her own death in 1696. 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